Cataract surgery is an outpatient procedure for the treatment of cataracts. The crystalline lens of the eye is made of proteins and water that sits behind the pupil and focuses light onto the retina. If the natural lens of your eye turns cloudy, your vision becomes blurred which is known as a cataract. The only effective way to treat cataracts is surgery.
During cataract surgery, the surgeon makes a tiny cut in front of your eye in order to remove the gloomy natural lens of the eye and put in an artificial lens which is called the Intraocular lens or IOL.
There are some uncommon complications after cataract surgery which mostly are temporary and treatable including inflammation, bleeding, infection, drooping eyelids, dislocation of artificial lens, retinal detachment, secondary cataract, glaucoma, double or dim vision, impaired night vision, or loss of vision.
After the surgery, you may be recommended to wear an eye shield during sleep for the first week. You may feel pain in your eye and find it hard to see in bright light for a limited period of time. About 8 weeks after the surgery, your eye should be fully recovered and healed.